Dad! the car was destroyed! - Using the passive voice part two

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Ryan SouleInglés
13 de marzo de 2018
88
4 minutos
<h2>The Passive Voice</h2>
<br>
<p>
Do you remember the story about time I destroyed my dad’s car? When it happened my father was at work so I did not tell him until he arrived home. And while he was working I was trying to think of a million excuses I could tell him to avoid getting into trouble! In the end I told him the truth, that I had destroyed the car. <b>BUT</b>, I could have changed the sentence to avoid punishment. In English we call this a HALF TRUTH. Imagine my situation for example, I could have said, “Dad, the car has been destroyed.” In this sentence I am only telling my dad HALF of the story. <b>I DID NOT tell my father I WAS RESPONSIBLE</b>. I only told him WHAT happened.
</p>
<p>
<a href="https://www.verbling.com/articles/post/dad-the-car-was-destroyed-using-the-pass">In part 1</a> we talked about how to use the passive voice, where we see the passive voice and how to make the passive voice in the simple and continuous tenses.</p>
<u>Some things to remember are:</u><br><br>
<ul>
<li>In the passive voice <b>WHAT HAPPENS</b> is more important than <b>WHO DID IT</b></li>
<li>We see it mostly in writing BUT when speaking we use it <b>to not get in trouble</b>!</li>
<li>We might not know WHO is responsible (by <b>person</b> or <b>thing</b> IS NOT necessary)</li>
<li>The form doesn’t change; </li>
<ul>
<li><b>Subject</b> + <b>TO BE verb</b> [conjugated] + <b>past participle</b> + [the rest of the sentence] </li>
</ul>
<li>For the negative, just add ‘NOT’ with the TO BE verb: </li>
<ul>
<li>The car was <b>NOT</b> destroyed. </li>
<li>The car is <b>NOT</b> destroyed. </li>
<li>The car will NOT be destroyed. </li>
<li>The examples above were <b>NOT</b> created with too much difficulty. </li>
</ul>
</ul>
<br>
<h2>From ACTIVE to PASSIVE</h2>
<br>
<p>
By now you should be confident using the passive voice in the simple and continuous tenses but, let’s quickly look at how you can change a sentence from the active voice to the passive voice. Look at these sentences:
</p>
<center>
DAAAAADDD! I destroyed <b>the car</b>!
<br>and<br>
DAAAAADDD! <b>The car</b> was destroyed!
</center>
<br>
<p>
In the active sentence the car <b>is the object</b> but in the passive sentence the car <b>is the subject</b>. So to change the sentence from active to passive, follow the steps below:
<p/>
<table>
<tr>
<th>Steps</th>
<th>Example</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Take <b>the object</b> from the active sentence</td>
<td> I <u>will write</u> <b>a book</b>!</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Put the object at the beginning of your new sentence</td>
<td><b>A book…</b></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td> Add the conjugated TO BE verb</td>
<td><b>A book</b> WILL BE…</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>And then the past participle of the <u>verb</u> in the active sentence </td>
<td><b>A book</b> WILL BE <u>written</u>. </td>
</tr>
</table>
<br>
<u>For Example</u>:
<table>
<tr>
<th>Active</th>
<th>Passive</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>The cow <u>jumped</u> over <b>the moon</b>.</td>
<td><b>The moon</b> WAS <u>jumped</u> over by the cow</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>James IS <u>making</u> <b>many mistakes</b>.</td>
<td><b>Many mistakes</b> ARE BEING <u>made</u>. </td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>J.K Rowling WILL <u>write</u> <b>another book</b>.</td>
<td><b>Another book</b> WILL BE <u>written</u> by J.K. Rowling.</td>
</tr>
</table>
<br>
<h2>THE PERFECT TENSES</h2>
<br>
<p>
Firstly, let’s recap the perfect tense. We use it when we are talking about something in the past BUT, we don’t know exactly when it was. In the present perfect, there is a relationship between the past and now. For example: I have destroyed the car already. In this sentence an action happened in the past but there is still an effect now. In the past perfect there is a relationship between two times, normally in the same sentence: When my dad got home from work, I had destroyed the car already. The perfect tense is the thing that happened before the other thing, in my example, the car was destroyed and then my dad arrived home from work. These same rules apply in the passive voice as well.
</p>
<br>
<table>
<tr>
<th>Tense</th>
<th>Subject</th>
<th><center>+ to be verb<br>[conjugated]</th>
<th><center>+ verb<br>[past participle]</th>
<th><center>+ bla bla bla...<br>[the rest]</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><b>past perfect</b></td>
<td>The car</td>
<td>had not been</td>
<td>destroyed!</td>
<td>yet*!</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td></td>
<td>The people</td>
<td>had [not] been</td>
<td>eaten</td>
<td>by zombies!</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><b>present perfect</b></td>
<td>The car</td>
<td>has been</td>
<td>destroyed!</td>
<td>already*!</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td></td>
<td>The people</td>
<td>have [not] been</td>
<td>eaten</td>
<td>by zombies!</td>
</tr>
</table>
<br>
*<b>YET</b> or <b>ALEADY</b>? - In negative sentences you use <b>YET</b> and in positive sentences you use <b>ALREADY</b>.

<u>Some tips to remember!</u>
<ul>
<li>Use the perfect tense when there is a relationship between two different times</li>
<li>YET is for negative sentences and ALREADY is for positive sentences</li>
</ul>
<br>
<h2>SPECIAL CASES</h2>
<br>
<p>
In English there are always special cases, the first one we will look at is verbs that have more than one object. For example: He teaches <b>physics</b> to <b>high school kids</b>. In this example the objects are both physics and high school kids and it is possible to make two sentences in the passive voice:
</p>
<ul>
<li><b>High school kids</b> are taught <b>physics</b>. </li>
<li><b>Physics</b> is taught to <b>high school kids</b>. </li>
</ul>
Other examples of <u>verbs</u> like this are:
<br>
<br>
<table>
<tr>
<td>[to give] The Zookeeper <u>gives</u> <b>a banana</b> to <b>the monkey</b>.</td>
<td><b>The monkey</b> IS <u>given</u> <b>a banana</b>. <br> <b>A banana</b> IS <u>given</u> to <b>the monkey</b>.</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>[to offer] The university <u>offered</u> <b>classes</b> to <b>everyone</b>.</td>
<td><b>Classes</b> WERE <u>offered</u> to <b>everyone</b>.<br> <b>Everyone</b> WAS <u>offered</u> <b>classes</b></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>[to show] They WERE <u>showing</u> <b>the animals</b> to <b>people</b>.</td>
<td><b>The animals</b> WERE BEING <u>shown</u> to <b>people</b>.<br>
<b>People</b> WERE BEING <u>shown</u> <b>the animals</b>.
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>[to pay] The boss WILL <u>pay</u> <b>$2000</b> to <b>the team</b>. </td>
<td><b>$2000</b> WILL BE <u>paid</u> to <b>the team</b>.<br>
<b>The team</b> WILL BE <u>paid</u> <b>$2000</b>.
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>[to ask] She HAD <u>asked</u> <b>the manager</b> for <b>some help</b>.</td>
<td><b>Some help</b> HAD BEEN <u>asked</u> for from <b>the manager</b>.<br>
<b>The manager</b> HAD BEEN <u>asked</u> for <b>some help</b>.
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>[to tell] He <u>tells</u> <b>his problems</b> to <b>all the people</b>. </td>
<td><b>All the people</b> ARE <u>told</u> <b>his problems</b>.<br>
<b>His problems</b> ARE <u>told</u> to <b>all the people</b>.</b>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<br>
<p>
And finally ‘GET’… this verb is possibly the most confusing one of all because it has many meanings. ‘GET’ is used mostly in informal speech and in the passive voice you can use ‘GET’ instead of ‘BE’. However, we can only use ‘GET’ when something happens for example:
<ul>
<li>The car GOT destroyed! = the car WAS destroyed!</li>
<li>I didn’t GET yelled at when I destroyed dad’s car. = I WASN’T yelled at…</li>
<li>I don’t GET invited to many parties = I’M NOT invited to many parties. </li>
<li>There was a fight at the party, but nobody GOT hurt. = … nobody WAS hurt [by the fight] </li>
</ul>
</p>
<br>
<h2>THE PASSIVE VOICE IS UNDERSTOOD BY ALL! </h2>
<br>
<p>
And that my friends is EVERYTHING you need to know about the passive voice, where it’s used, what it’s used for and how it’s made. Just remember, <b>PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT</b> so if you have any questions you can leave a comment below or book a class with me and I can help you.</p>
<center><i>If this did help you, share it so it can help others too!</i></center>

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Ryan Soule - IELTS Speaking and Conversation Coach Are you preparing for an exam or do you want to sound more natural when you speak? Then I want to help you! I’m a native English speaker and English Language Coach from Australia. MY MISSION IS TO HELP YOU SPEAK CLEARLY, CONFIDENTLY AND CORRECTLY. I’ve been teaching English in the classroom and online since 2016 and I have developed a unique way to assess students, make corrections and give constructive feedback so that you can make improvements while having a conversation. CONVERSATION COACHING sessions are relaxed classes covering many topics so that you have the opportunity to practice as much speaking as possible. During these conversations, I will make corrections to vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation so that you can improve your speaking ability. EXAM COACHING sessions are focused on exam format, strategies and directed practice. I have Materials that I have developed so that on exam day you feel comfortable and confident in your ability. I will always be honest and direct with you in my feedback and language assessments, after a class with me, you will know your strengths, weaknesses, your language goal and we will have a plan to improve your English. I’m an ideal teacher for you if you are an intermediate speaker or above and you feel like you are not improving, you want to sound less like a textbook and more like a person, you are preparing for an exam or you want to develop confidence as an English speaker. Ryan Soule - Exam Speaking and Conversation Coach - "engaging, equipping and encouraging others to believe in themselves and the possibilities."
$15.00
USD/h
Flag Inglés
Australia
100
Inglés
Nativo
,
Español
B2
Ryan Soule - IELTS Speaking and Conversation Coach Are you preparing for an exam or do you want to sound more natural when you speak? Then I want to help you! I’m a native English speaker and English Language Coach from Australia. MY MISSION IS TO HELP YOU SPEAK CLEARLY, CONFIDENTLY AND CORRECTLY. I’ve been teaching English in the classroom and online since 2016 and I have developed a unique way to assess students, make corrections and give constructive feedback so that you can make improvements while having a conversation. CONVERSATION COACHING sessions are relaxed classes covering many topics so that you have the opportunity to practice as much speaking as possible. During these conversations, I will make corrections to vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation so that you can improve your speaking ability. EXAM COACHING sessions are focused on exam format, strategies and directed practice. I have Materials that I have developed so that on exam day you feel comfortable and confident in your ability. I will always be honest and direct with you in my feedback and language assessments, after a class with me, you will know your strengths, weaknesses, your language goal and we will have a plan to improve your English. I’m an ideal teacher for you if you are an intermediate speaker or above and you feel like you are not improving, you want to sound less like a textbook and more like a person, you are preparing for an exam or you want to develop confidence as an English speaker. Ryan Soule - Exam Speaking and Conversation Coach - "engaging, equipping and encouraging others to believe in themselves and the possibilities."

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