La imagen del "Zhar-ptitsa" (pájaro de fuego) en un cuento de hadas ruso.

La imagen del «Zhar-ptitsa» es una de las imágenes más hermosas y conocidas del cuento popular ruso. ("El cuento sobre Ivan tsarevich, el pájaro de fuego y el lobo gris", "El pájaro de fuego y la princesa Vasilisa", el cuento de P. P. Ershov "El caballito jorobado").

En los cuentos de hadas, «Zhar-ptitsa» es "brillante, raro, vuela por el aire, brilla - brilla con diferentes luces", sus plumas son de un rojo ardiente y dorado y sus ojos brillan como diamantes ... ". Sin embargo, a pesar de su luz cegadora, hace tiempo que el «Zhar-ptitsa» no produce humo ni calor.

El «Zhar-ptitsa» recibió su nombre por el color de su plumaje. La palabra «zhar» se deriva de "caliente", es decir, "ardiente, amarillo mineral" o "rojo-amarillo, naranja". En todos los cuentos de hadas, el color de «Zhar-ptitsa» es dorado, y su pico, sus plumas y su jaula también son dorados. Aquí el simbolismo aparece de una forma obvia : el pájaro de fuego es un ave solar, el cielo es la casa del sol, el oro es el metal del sol.

En los cuentos de hadas, el «Zhar-ptitsa» actúa como un secuestrador - Se alimenta de manzanas doradas rejuvenecedoras, que dan juventud eterna, belleza e inmortalidad, y en su significado es completamente igual al agua viva. Quizá, era por eso que la gente creía que su canto tenía el don de sanar.

 Pero esta es un ave sagrada - y, en los cuentos de hadas, - el protagonista coge una pluma del pájaro de fuego, cometiendo así una transgresión.

 El ave vive en un jardín, tras de un muro de piedra, que es el límite entre "este mundo" y el “mundo-extraño”. El inusual color ardiente indica que pertenece a un mundo diferente e inhumano, y por eso está prohibido coger plumas del «Zhar-ptitsa». "El mundo extraño» es el mundo de los muertos. Y el principal elemento común de los cuentos de hadas es el hecho de que el héroe logra regresar de donde nadie regresa.

Una condición del pájaro de fuego es que no entrega a cualquiera. En los cuentos de hadas, el «Zhar-ptitsa» ayuda al tercer hijo. Y ¿Por qué es así? ¿Qué sabemos de él? En los cuentos de hadas, el tercer hijo siempre es el hijo menor de la familia. Los hijos mayores están ya casados, ganan la vida por su cuenta y han abandonado a la familia, mientras que el hijo menor es el que se queda con los padres ancianos. Tras ellos queda una parte de la herencia, que no pertenece ni siquiera al padre, sino a todo el clan, que es algo que los conecta con los antepasados.

Resulta interesante asociación del hijo menor a la imagen de la estufa, que parece en muchos cuentos de hadas. Según los conceptos antiguos, la estufa, el hogar es la base y el símbolo de la casa y el bienestar general. Y además, por otra parte, el don de poder entrar en el "otro" mundo así como el poder regresar de allí, concede sólo a quienes están inicialmente a cargo de sus padres y antepasados - él es quien recibe ese don mágico.

Pero el personaje principal logra el éxito, no sólo por ese motivo, sino también gracias a sus cualidades personales. En busca de «Zhar-ptitsa», el héroe de un cuento de hadas supera su miedo, duda, comete errores, pero aún así sigue adelante, y finalmente, logra su objetivo. Como recompensa, el héroe recibe, no solo el caballo mágico y el propio pájaro de fuego, sino también a la bella princesa y el reino.

Incluso su apariencia cambia: se vuelve hermoso y elegante. Para los héroes de los cuentos de hadas, la salud del cuerpo recibe ayuda de los elementos básicos (agua, viento, tierra), y la salud espiritual, el fuego de la alegría, la creatividad, y el poder reciben la ayuda de la pluma del ave.

Así pues, la imagen del pájaro de fuego personifica las fuerzas del bien, y ​​es un símbolo de buena suerte, la victoria, encarna el sueño de felicidad de una persona, que sólo se entrega a una persona de buen corazón.
3 de enero de 2019
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$13
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Anna Sharapova

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Flag
Ruso
globe
Rusia
time
169
Habla:
Ruso
Nativo
,
Inglés
B2
,
Español
B2
,
Árabe
A2
Hello, my name is Anna, but you can call me Anya. I am a professional teacher of Russian as a foreign language. I have been teaching for about 8 years, and I’ve also been a keen student of other languages: Spanish, English and recently I took up Arabic. So, every day I personally experience the difficulties that beginners encounter, especially if the target language bears little resemblance to their native language. After just a few lessons, you will be able to start speaking with me at a basic level, but you need to remember that slow and steady wins the race, and your desire and motivation makes for 50% of success. The remaining 50% is my task, and very soon you will be communicating with your Russian acquaintances, friends, girlfriend or boyfriend in Russian, without the help of an interpreter. During the lessons, we usually work at developing all the language skills: we read, write, listen, and—what is most important—speak a lot. I use the most advanced technology to deliver the content, so there won't be any unwanted stops during my lessons because of the opening and delivery of supporting materials; I value your time, and we’ll be using it to maximum effect. I use a high quality microphone, so you won’t have to strain trying to hear me speaking. I also understand that it’s not all about fancy equipment; but about clear and intelligible speech. Good diction and articulation are an integral part of my lessons. Although I use the framework of a tried-and-tested and effective programme, I customise each lesson to the individual needs of the students. Together, we will overcome all your fears and concerns about your supposedly imperfect pronunciation, and break the myths and stereotypes about studying Russian which disrupt the studies of so many students. I know how to present complex things in a simple and accessible way and how to make boring things interesting. That is why, at the lessons, we’ll be using examples related to Russian culture, and thereby also broadening your horizons—killing two birds with one stone, so to speak; or we’ll be taking specific examples related to your current needs-- those which prompted you to study Russian. It’s up to you to decide. I know that it’s often difficult for students to switch over during the first minutes of a lesson, so I use a cosy and quiet atmosphere on the screen as a tool for a quick and complete immersion into the learning process. A degree in psychology and expertise in teaching offline have allowed me to learn how to feel the emotional state of a student and encourage you to start speaking from the first lessons, make your first mistakes and learn from them with my help. I feel my mission accomplished if the student leaves the lesson with a wealth of new knowledge, in high spirits, and with a desire to soar to new language heights. I am open to new people, and I’ll be happy to help you make the process of learning Russian as seamless as possible. Thank you for your time, and I look forward to seeing you at the lesson.
Flag
Ruso
globe
Rusia
time
169
Habla:
Ruso
Nativo
,
Inglés
B2
,
Español
B2
,
Árabe
A2
Hello, my name is Anna, but you can call me Anya. I am a professional teacher of Russian as a foreign language. I have been teaching for about 8 years, and I’ve also been a keen student of other languages: Spanish, English and recently I took up Arabic. So, every day I personally experience the difficulties that beginners encounter, especially if the target language bears little resemblance to their native language. After just a few lessons, you will be able to start speaking with me at a basic level, but you need to remember that slow and steady wins the race, and your desire and motivation makes for 50% of success. The remaining 50% is my task, and very soon you will be communicating with your Russian acquaintances, friends, girlfriend or boyfriend in Russian, without the help of an interpreter. During the lessons, we usually work at developing all the language skills: we read, write, listen, and—what is most important—speak a lot. I use the most advanced technology to deliver the content, so there won't be any unwanted stops during my lessons because of the opening and delivery of supporting materials; I value your time, and we’ll be using it to maximum effect. I use a high quality microphone, so you won’t have to strain trying to hear me speaking. I also understand that it’s not all about fancy equipment; but about clear and intelligible speech. Good diction and articulation are an integral part of my lessons. Although I use the framework of a tried-and-tested and effective programme, I customise each lesson to the individual needs of the students. Together, we will overcome all your fears and concerns about your supposedly imperfect pronunciation, and break the myths and stereotypes about studying Russian which disrupt the studies of so many students. I know how to present complex things in a simple and accessible way and how to make boring things interesting. That is why, at the lessons, we’ll be using examples related to Russian culture, and thereby also broadening your horizons—killing two birds with one stone, so to speak; or we’ll be taking specific examples related to your current needs-- those which prompted you to study Russian. It’s up to you to decide. I know that it’s often difficult for students to switch over during the first minutes of a lesson, so I use a cosy and quiet atmosphere on the screen as a tool for a quick and complete immersion into the learning process. A degree in psychology and expertise in teaching offline have allowed me to learn how to feel the emotional state of a student and encourage you to start speaking from the first lessons, make your first mistakes and learn from them with my help. I feel my mission accomplished if the student leaves the lesson with a wealth of new knowledge, in high spirits, and with a desire to soar to new language heights. I am open to new people, and I’ll be happy to help you make the process of learning Russian as seamless as possible. Thank you for your time, and I look forward to seeing you at the lesson.
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