Mastering the verbs "Ser" and "Estar" in Brazilian Portuguese

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Ricardo FilgueiraInglés
4 de enero de 2018
142
un minuto
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Today I’m going to teach you one of the most difficult things in Portuguese: when to use <span style="color: #800000; font-size: 14pt;"><strong>SER</strong></span> and <span style="color: #800000; font-size: 14pt;"><strong>ESTAR</strong></span>.

We use <span style="color: #800000; font-size: 14pt;"><strong>SER</strong></span> to describe the how someone or something is always.



We use <span style="color: #800000; font-size: 14pt;"><strong>ESTAR</strong> </span>for transitory or not permanent conditions or characteristics, how a thing is at the moment.

That’s why we say, for example:

  • Ele está doente (He’s sick)

But we can also say…

  • Ele é doente (He’s sick)

 

<strong>What’s the difference?</strong>

  • Ele está doente (He’s a healthy person, but he’s sick at the moment).

  • Ele é doente (Probably he has an incurable disease or he’s mentally sick).

See below more uses of the verbs ser and estar.

 

<span style="font-size: 14pt; color: #800000;"><strong>Ser</strong></span>

<strong>Nationality</strong>

  • Eu sou brasileiro (I’m Brazilian)

<strong>Ocupation</strong>

  • Ele é dentista (He's dentist)

<strong>Personal relationships</strong>

  • Ele é meu pai (He’s my father)

<strong>Permanent location</strong>

  • A escola é no centro da cidade (The school is the center city)

 

<span style="font-size: 14pt; color: #800000;"><strong>Estar</strong></span>

<strong>Movable location</strong>

  • Eu estou em casa (I’m at home)



<strong>Mental states</strong>

  • Eu estou feliz (I’m happy)

  • Eu estou confuso (I’m confused)



<strong>Physical states</strong>

  • Eu estou doente (I’m sick)

  • Eu estou cansado (I’m tired)

 

Besides all these cases, there are also some tricky things about <strong>SER</strong> and <strong>ESTAR</strong>. Watch the video and find out.

Do you want practice this and other subjects in Portuguese? Book me on Verbling... Let's talk and learn!

 
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Ricardo

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Flag
Portugués
globe
Brasil
time
60
Portugués
Nativo
,
Inglés
B2
,
Francés
B2
,
Alemán
A1
Do you need Portuguese for immediate communication? I'm a specialist in making students learn Portuguese from scratch. My method - PORTUGUESE IN RECORD TIME - provides you a fast and effective learning. See how satisfied and motivated my students are. Stop wasting your time and money with methods that don't work! I live in São Paulo, I have a degree in Languages (Universidade Federal do Maranhão), I’m specialist in Portuguese Language and in Distance Education. I’m also an Instructional Designer. I've been teaching Portuguese since 2002, when I lived in Geneva and all these years of experience as a Portuguese Teacher and Designer Instrucional enabled me to develop MY OWN METHOD and materials that make Portuguese Learning more efficient, easier and faster. When you have the opportunity to learn Portuguese with me, you’ll notice that 3 things will always be present in our classes: -> Audiovisual content; -> Brazilian culture; -> And, of course, my enthusiasm to teach you! Let's talk and learn! See you very soon, Ricardo Filgueira.
Flag
Portugués
globe
Brasil
time
60
Portugués
Nativo
,
Inglés
B2
,
Francés
B2
,
Alemán
A1
Do you need Portuguese for immediate communication? I'm a specialist in making students learn Portuguese from scratch. My method - PORTUGUESE IN RECORD TIME - provides you a fast and effective learning. See how satisfied and motivated my students are. Stop wasting your time and money with methods that don't work! I live in São Paulo, I have a degree in Languages (Universidade Federal do Maranhão), I’m specialist in Portuguese Language and in Distance Education. I’m also an Instructional Designer. I've been teaching Portuguese since 2002, when I lived in Geneva and all these years of experience as a Portuguese Teacher and Designer Instrucional enabled me to develop MY OWN METHOD and materials that make Portuguese Learning more efficient, easier and faster. When you have the opportunity to learn Portuguese with me, you’ll notice that 3 things will always be present in our classes: -> Audiovisual content; -> Brazilian culture; -> And, of course, my enthusiasm to teach you! Let's talk and learn! See you very soon, Ricardo Filgueira.

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