1.뒤에 오는 말이 앞에 오는 말과 비례하거나 비슷한 정도 혹은 수량임을 나타내는 표현.
An expression used to indicate that the following content is proportional to the preceding content or of a similar level or quantity.
2.앞에 오는 말이 뒤에 오는 말의 이유나 근거임을 나타내는 표현.
An expression used to indicate that the preceding statement is the reason or basis for the following statement.
~만큼 can be attached directly to a noun to describe that something is done to the extent as that noun. The typical translation for 만큼 in these cases is “as much as (that noun).
because ~만큼 can be attached directly to nouns, it can also be attached directly to nouns being described by a verb or adjective. The same translation of “as much as” can usually be used in these situations as well.
만큼 can also act as the noun being described by a clause conjugated using ~는 것 (that is, as ~는 만큼 and not necessarily as ~는 것만큼). The clause before 만큼 can be conjugated to the past, present and future tenses.
(A very common way to see 만큼 described by a clause in the present tense is when the previous clause ends with “원하다” to make constructions like “as much as one wants.”)
~는 만큼 cannot be exchanged with ~는 것만큼 when the describing clause is conjugated into the future tense.
만큼 is also often described by a clause that is ridiculous that will not actually happen. The speaker often uses these types of sentences as a metaphor to describe to what extent something is happening.
예쁘다 -- 예쁜 만큼 (as pretty as)
힘들다 -- 힘든 만큼 (as hard as)
Verb + - 는 만큼 (present) -- (으)ㄴ 만큼 (past) -- (으)ㄹ 만큼 (future):
보다 -- 보는 만큼 -- 본 만큼 -- 볼 만큼 (as much as you see)
먹다 -- 먹는 만큼 -- 먹은 만큼 -- 먹을 만큼 (as much as you eat)
돈을 내다 -- 돈을 내는 만큼 -- 돈을 낸 만큼 -- 돈을 낼 만큼 (as much as you pay)
연습하다 -- 연습하는 만큼 -- 연습한 만큼 -- 연습할 만큼 (as much as you practice)
읽다-- 읽는 만큼- 읽은 만큼- 읽은 만큼(as much as you read)
쓰다 쓰는 만큼 쓴 만큼 쓸 만큼(as much as you spend)
일하다 일하는 만큼 일한 만큼 일할 만큼(as much as you work)
듣다 듣는 만큼 들은 만큼 들을 만큼(as much as you hear)
찾다 찾는 만큼 찾은 만큼 찾을 만큼(as much as you look for)
마시다 마시는 만큼 마신 만큼 마실 만큼(as much as you drink)
운동하다 운동하는 만큼 운동한 만큼 운동할 만큼(as much as you excise)
입다 입는 만큼 입은 만큼 입을 만큼(as much as you wear)
사용하다 사용하는 만큼 사용한 만큼 사용할 만큼(as much as you use)
서울만큼 (like Seoul, as Seoul)
어머니만큼 (like mother as mother)
선수만큼 (like a player, as a player)
대학생 (like an undergraduate student)
돈만큼(like money, as money)
I think you can pay as much as you ate.
It's not free enough to watch movies these days.
돈을 많이 내는 만큼 좋은 서비스를 받을 수 있을 거예요.
[도늘 마니 내는 만큼 조은 서비스를 바들 쑤 이쓸 거예요]
You will be able to get good service as much as you pay.
저 뒤에 있는 사람도 들을 수 있을 만큼 크게 말해 주세요.
[저 뒤에 인는 사람도 드를 쑤 이쓸 만큼 크게 말해 주세요]
Please speak loud enough for the person to hear you over there.
나도 형만큼 잘할 수 있으니까 걱정하지 마세요.
[나도 형만큼 잘할 쑤 이쓰니까 걱쩡하지 마세요]
Don't worry, I can do as well as my brother.
열심히 공부한 만큼 좋은 점수를 받을 거예요.
[열씸히 공부한 만큼 조은 점쑤를 바들 꺼예요]
You will get good grades as much as you study hard.
[최서늘 다한 만큼 조은 결과가 이쓸 꺼예요]
As much as you did your best, there will be good results.
Seoul is as crowded as New York
The daughter is as pretty as her mother.
저는 다른 사람에게 설명 잘 해 줄 수 있는 만큼 한국 역사에 대해서 많이 알아요.
[저는 다른 사라메게 설명 잘 해 줄 쑤 읻는 만큼 한궁 녁싸에 대해서 마니 아라요]
I know a lot about Korean history as much as I can explain to others.
아들이 자라서 어느새 아버지의 키만큼 커졌다.
[아드리 자라서 어느새 아버지에 키만큼 커젇따]
The son grew up and unconsciously grew as tall as my father.
I love you as much as the sky and as much as the earth.
시험의 결과는 공부하는 만큼 나오는 것 같아요.
[시허메 결과는 공부하는 만큼 나오는 걷 가타요]
The results of the test seem to come out as much as I study.
봉사 활동을 하느라 바쁘고 힘들었지만 힘든 만큼 보람도 컸다.
[봉사 활똥을 하느라 바쁘고 힘드럳찌만 힘든 만큼 보람도 컫따]
It was busy and difficult to do volunteer work, but it was as rewarding as it was difficult.
He plays soccer as good as me
Fruits are as healthy as vegetables
Actresses don't make as much money as male actors.
[저는 한국 사람만큼 한궁마를 잘할 쑤 이써요]
I can speak Korean as well as Koreans
You should eat vegetables as much as you eat meat.
게임을 하는 것만큼 일을 열심히 하면 성공할 수 있다
[게이믈 하는 건만큼 이를 열씸히 하면 성공할 쑤 읻따]
If you work hard as much as playing a game, you can succeed.
저는 한국 사람들이 한국어를 말하는 것만큼 한국어를 잘하고 싶어요
[저는 한국 사람드리 한구거를 말하는 건만큼 한구거를 잘하고 시퍼요]
I want to speak Korean as well as Koreans speak Korean
우리가 이 파티를 즐기는 만큼 너도 즐기면 좋겠어
[우리가 이 파티를 즐기는 만큼 너도 즐기면 조케써]
As much as we enjoy this party, I hope you enjoy the party.
If you spend as much money as you make, you cannot save.
Drink as much as you want
He's so sick that he can't go on a trip
Is the car spacious enough for 7 adults?
I don’t have enough money to eat properly.
I don't care about you at all
Have we been close enough to eat together?
Is it urgent enough to call me late at night?
[여꿔늘 놔두고 공항을 갈 만큼 정시니 업썯따]
I was insane enough to leave my passport and go to the airport.
***The notation in parentheses means actual pronunciation.
***If you want to practice pronunciation training and reading,